Although currency internationalization is predominantly a market-driven process, political aspirations are not to be neglected entirely, and since 2005, the Chinese government and the People’s Bank of China (PBoC) have certainly taken steps to promote the use of the Chinese renminbi (RMB) in international transactions.
Worldwide Comprehensive Strategy
n general terms, the area should be considered as of key secondary importance to Turkey.
The region serves Turkey’s geostrategic goal of becoming an energy hub.
The European Center of excellence for countering hybrid threats (Helsinki CoE) was set up as a platform for exchange of best practices between the EU and NATO through strategic discussions and exercises and as such it represents an important milestone in transatlantic cooperation in countering hybrid threats.
Following the United States’ formal withdrawal from the Intermediate Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) on August 2, 2019 followed by the practical collapse of the Treaty, the nuclear non-proliferation regime remained underpinned by only one active multilateral agreement.
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